Quick Facts


Alcohol

Alcoholism is a family disease touching not only the individual struggling with addiction, but their family as well. That is why Glenbeigh’s alcohol rehab in Ohio offers services for families as well as individuals dealing with this illness.

Effects on the family include:

1. Suspicion — Family members are often suspicious of the alcoholic’s actions, leading to accusations and conflicts over whether or not he or she has been drinking.

2. Insecurity —Alcoholics become neglectful of their domestic duties and the emotional needs of their family members. Drinking puts their jobs and financial security at risk.

3. Guilt—Family members blame themselves for the drinking. They start believing that their shortcomings are driving the alcoholic to drink, and that everything would be fine if they could be better people. Alcohol rehab in Ohio can help.

4. Fear—Family members fear the unpredictable consequences of the drinking: mood changes, irritability, anger, sometimes even violence. They also fear that matters will get worse and the family unit will disintegrate.

5. Disappointment—Family members are constantly disappointed by broken promises and unfulfilled expectations. This is because alcoholics are frequently unable to live up to their commitments and obligations.

6. Isolation—Family members become isolated from one another by the unwritten rule against discussing the “problem”. Each is forced to find his or her ways of coping with the pain, and normal family communications break down. Glenbeigh’s alcohol rehab in Ohio is there for you.

7. Embarrassment—Embarrassment often causes family members to avoid attending events where drinking is likely to occur, and to avoid bringing people into the house. It also prevents them from going outside the family to seek help.

8. Resentment—As the alcohol dependence places more and more unfair demands on the family, members become angry and resentful. This puts a strain on relationships and threatens to destroy the unity of the family.

Glenbeigh’s alcohol rehab takes a holistic approach to helping the entire family recover. Our multi-disciplinary team takes alcohol rehab in Ohio beyond the physical aspects of recovery, incorporating psycho-social, physiological and spiritual healing as well.

Our family/co-dependency alcohol rehab includes group therapy and educational programs regarding addiction, the disease concept, family dynamics and co-dependency. Multi-family alcohol rehab provides the setting for participants to process their feelings and experiences, gain hope and begin to re-establish relationships with loved ones. These services are offered to the families of our current patients at no additional charge.


Bath Salts

Marketed as “Bath Salts” and sometimes as “Plant food” and labeled “not for human consumption”, Methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) is a psychoactive drug with stimulant affects similar to cocaine. It is “crystalline” powder that tends to clump to itself, resembling something like powdered sugar. Its color can range from pure white to a yellowish-tan and has a slight odor that strengthens as it colors”. (Wikipedia)

The DEA issued a ban on the drug in October, 2011, but like other designer drugs, MDPV has many variants making enforcement difficult. MDPV can be purchased on the internet, at gas stations, convenient stores and in head shops.

Other names: Plant Food, MTV, Magic, Super Coke, Cloud Nine, White Lightening

Desired Effects:
  • Extreme euphoria
  • increased alertness and awareness
  • increased energy and motivation
  • mental stimulation/increased concentration
  • increased sociability
  • sexual stimulation/aphrodisiac effects
  • mild empathogenic effects
  • diminished perception of the requirement for food and sleep

Club Drugs

The term “club drugs” refers to mostly illegal drugs that are popular among young people who frequent all-night dance parties or “raves.” Included in the club drug category are the commonly called “date rape” drugs, which are primarily strong sedative drugs that put the user into a very deep sleep. As the following information shows, use of any of these drugs is very dangerous. The dangers increase with how and where the drug was made, how much of the drug is taken, and whether the user ingests alcohol or other drugs along with the club drug.

Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)

Other names: Ecstasy, XTC, X, Adam, Clarity, Lover’s Speed

  • MDMA was developed and patented in the early 1900s as an appetite suppressant, although it was never tested on people. MDMA is taken orally, usually in a tablet or capsule form.
  • Because MDMA is similar to the stimulant amphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline, it can produce both stimulant and psychedelic effects in users. MDMA’s effects last approximately three to six hours. However, the confusion, depression, sleep problems and other associated effects can last weeks after the drug is taken.
  • One’s sense of touch and sexual pleasure is reportedly greatly intensified when under the influence of MDMA, hence the origin of one of its street names—ecstasy—and one of the reasons it is cited as a “date rape” drug.
  • Chronic use of MDMA can produce long-lasting, perhaps permanent, brain damage and memory impairment. MDMA use may lead to heart attacks, strokes and seizures. In high doses, it can be extremely dangerous, even fatal.
  • The stimulant effect of MDMA enables users to dance or perform other physical activity for extended periods. This may lead to dehydration, hypertension and heart of kidney failure.

Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB)

Other names: G, Liquid Ecstasy, Grievous Bodily Harm, Georgia Home Boy

  • GHB is often manufactured in homes from recipes and ingredients found and purchased on the Internet. It is manufactured as either a clear liquid or a white powder that can be made into a tablet or capsule.
  • GHB is a central nervous system depressant. In low doses, it relaxes the body and relieves anxiety. As the dose increases, the sedative effect causes deep sleep, which is why GHB is grouped with the “date rape” drugs. Larger doses will result in dangerously slowed breathing and heart rates, as well as in coma and/or death. There is no way to tell how much GHB will cause adverse physical reactions that will lead to death—each person’s tolerance is different.
  • The drug is usually abused either for its intoxicating/sedative/euphoriant properties or for its growth hormone-releasing effects, which can build muscles.
  • GHB’s intoxicating effects begin 10 to 20 minutes after the drug is taken. The effects typically last up to four hours, depending on the dosage.
  • GHB is cleared from the body relatively quickly, so it is sometimes difficulty to detect in emergency rooms and other treatment facilities.

Ketamine

Other names: K, Special K, Vitamin K, Cat Valium

  • Ketamine is an anesthetic that has been approved for medical use with both humans and animals. About 90% of the Ketamine legally sold today is intended for veterinary use.
  • Ketamine comes in liquid or as a white powder that can be snorted or smoked with marijuana or tobacco. It also can be injected.
  • Large doses of the drug can cause dream-like states and hallucinations. At higher doses, it can cause delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, high blood pressure, depression and potentially fatal respiratory problems. Lower doses of the drug can impair attention, learning ability and memory.

Rohypnol®

Other name: roofies, rophies, roche, the forget-me pill, the date rape drug

  • Rohypnol® (flunitrazepam) belongs to the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines, which include Valium®, Halcion®, Xanax® and Versed®. It is not approved for prescription use in the U.S., although it is approved in Europe and is used in more than 60 countries as a treatment for insomnia, as a sedative and as an anesthetic.
  • Rohypnol® is tasteless and odorless, and it dissolves easily in carbonated beverages. It’s usually taken orally, although it can be ground up and snorted.
  • The drug can cause amnesia. Individuals may not remember events they experienced while under the influence of the drug. This may be why one of the street names for Rhypnol® is “the date rape drug”—the drug has been used in sexual assaults.
  • A dose of Rohypnol® as small as 1 mg. can impair a user for 8 to 12 hours. The sedative and toxic effects are intensified if taken with alcohol.
  • Other adverse effects associated with Rohypnol® include decreased blood pressure, drowsiness, visual disturbances, dizziness, confusion, gastrointestinal disturbances and urine retention.

Methamphetamine

Other names: speed, ice, chalk, meth, crystal, crank, fire glass

  • Methamphetamine is a toxic, addictive stimulant that affects many areas of the central nervous system.
  • Methamphetamine is a white, odorless, bitter-tasting crystalline powder that easily dissolves in beverages. It can be smoked, snorted, injected or orally ingested. The drug is often made in underground laboratories from relatively inexpensive over-the-counter ingredients.
  • Methamphetamine use is associated with serious health consequences, including memory loss, aggression, violence, psychotic behavior and potential cardiac and neurological damage.
  • Methamphetamine users typically display signs of agitation, excited speech, decreased appetite and increased physical activity.
  • Methamphetamine users are less able to process dopamine, a chemical produced by the adrenal gland that naturally relieves stress.
  • Methamphetamine use is associated with higher rates of transmission of infectious diseases, especially hepatitis and HIV/AIDS.

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)

Other names: acid, boomers, yellow sunshines

  • LSD is a hallucinogen that can alter a user’s mood, thoughts and perceptions. The effects of LSD are unpredictable and depend upon the dose, the setting and the user’s personality, mood and expectations.
  • LSD is typically taken orally. It is sold in tablet, capsule and liquid forms and in pieces of blotter paper that have absorbed the drug.
  • A user typically feels the effects of the drug 30 to 90 minutes after taking it. Its physical effects include dilated pupils, higher body temperature, increased heart rate and blood pressure, sweating, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, dry mouth and tremors.
  • LSD users report numbness, weakness or trembling, and nausea is common.
  • There are two long-term disorders associated with LSD. Psychotic episodes occur in a small number of users who have no prior history of mental illness. These episodes may last for weeks after use of the drug. “Flashbacks” can also occur long after use. These are usually visual disturbances that may last from a few seconds to several hours.

Crack & Cocaine

Cocaine in its pure form is a white crystalline powder extracted from the leaves of South America’s coca plant. On the street, it is a mixture of the pure substance and various additives used to increase the quantity, and thereby, the seller’s profit.

Cocaine can be inhaled (snorted) through the nose, smoked in the forms of free-base cocaine (which is particularly dangerous because the substance used to process it is highly flammable) or crack, and may also be injected.

The use of cocaine is very dangerous in all of its forms. Even small amounts can cause convulsions, heart and respiratory failure or death.

Using free-base, crack or injected cocaine increases the risk of overdose because very large amounts of the drug reach the brain within seconds. Injecting cocaine also carries the additional hazards of HIV/AIDS infection, hepatitis and reactions to impurities in the drug.

Physical fitness or good health does not impact a person’s tolerance for cocaine. Sensitivity can also develop in those who have used the drug before, so prior use is no guarantee that a person will not be fatally affected by continued use.

The dangers of addiction to this drug are very serious. Please, don’t hesitate to seek cocaine rehab.

Side Effects of Use

Side effects possibly experienced by users of cocaine include:

  • Weight loss
  • Chronic runny nose with damage to the nose and sinus
  • Lowered resistance to infections and disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Seizures
  • Irritability
  • Short temper
  • Paranoia
  • Memory loss
  • Loss of sex drive
  • Panic attacks
  • Chronic depression
  • Hallucinations
  • Fast or irregular heartbeats
  • Heart attack
  • Death

Don’t risk any of these side effects. CALL 1-800-234-1001 for Glenbeigh’s cocaine rehab in Ohio.

Withdrawal

Withdrawal effects from stopping cocaine use are not as easy to see as heroin or alcohol withdrawal symptoms, but they are just as real. Symptoms of cocaine withdrawal include exhaustion, irritability, sleepiness, energy loss, depression and an intensive craving for more cocaine.

Cocaine FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Does cocaine get rid of depression?
No. Actually, its use can lead to a form of depression.

Does cocaine improve concentration and performance?
No. Studies show that cocaine use actually reduces performance. Moreover, within an hour of taking the drug, a user feels less alert, more anxious and more depressed than before its use.

Does cocaine enhance sexual pleasure?
No. When used regularly, cocaine can lead to sexual dysfunction. Regular users are generally more interested in their cocaine use than in sex.

How can you tell if someone you know might be abusing cocaine?
  • Frequent and extreme mood swings, from self-confidence and euphoria to depression and paranoia
  • What seems like a complete change in personality
  • Compulsive behavior
  • Anxiety, jitteriness
  • Loss of interest in normal activities
  • Constant lateness or absence from school or work
  • A new circle of friends
  • Large withdrawals of money from the bank; frequent requests for loans
  • Selling something of value with nothing to show for it
  • Significant weight loss in a short time
  • Constant stuffy or runny nose, nose bleeds
  • Trouble sleeping, yet seems exhausted all the time
  • Little interest in sex
Cocaine paraphernalia may include:
  • small mirror (provides a smooth surface for snorting)
  • spoon
  • razor (for chopping the cocaine into “lines”)
  • tooter, straw or rolled-up dollar bill
  • beaker or petri dish (to head the cocaine for free-basing)
  • supply of ether (mixed with street cocaine and then evaporated to purify the drug)
  • rounded water pipe with several layers of screens
  • syringes (for injection)
Glenbeigh’s cocaine rehab in Ohio

Your search for cocaine rehabilitation is a commendable first step toward reclaiming your life. You can take that next step. Glenbeigh believes in you and encourages you to learn more about our treatment for cocaine addiction.

We believe that successful cocaine rehab in Ohio and elsewhere requires an abstinence-based, 12 Step model of recovery, utilizing a holistic approach. In short, our cocaine rehab treats not only the disease, but the whole person—body, mind and spirit.

While you may believe it’s possible to quit on your own, most dependent cocaine users require professional treatment. Don’t chance a relapse; contact Glenbeigh for more information about cocaine rehab in Ohio, today.

Glenbeigh
P.O.Box 298 
Rock Creek, Ohio 44084   
(800) 234-1001
www.glenbeigh.com


Energy Drinks

While energy drinks are marketed as healthy ways to hydrate, they are in fact counterproductive to anyone who is looking for healthy ways to quench their thirst while playing sports, working out or involved in any strenuous activity.

Some of the more common energy drinks are:
Monster, Red Bull, Rock Star

Common Ingredients:
  • Caffeine
  • Guarana Berry
  • Tuarine
  • Ginseng
  • Ginko
  • And other supplement and sometimes vitamins
Effects:

These ingredients are considered “supplements”. They are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. Many of them have stimulant effect. They can cause:

  • Increased heart rate 
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety disorder 
  • High blood pressure
  • Dehydration

But many consumers believe they are healthy and are unaware of the effects of these ingredients.

A person can become dehydrated quickly if they are drinking these products while engaged in any activities that are strenuous, especially if outside on a hot day.

If a person has problems with high blood pressure or heart disease, these products can worsen these conditions.

Caffeine and Guarana make it harder for Diabetics to control their blood sugar levels.

Energy drinks are not recommended for children because the long-term effects are unknown, including the supplements they contain, and yet it is estimated that 30 to 50% of children, teens and young adults consumed them regularly.

Energy Drinks and alcohol:

Energy drinks are used as mixers in bars and Alcoholic Energy Drinks are bottled and sold in supermarkets and convenient stores.

Some of the more common alcoholic energy drinks are:

  • Mixed drinks
  • Jager Bomb
  • Electric Screwdriver

Bottled and sold in stores

  • Rockstar 21
  • Torgue
  • Liquid Charge

Mixing energy drinks with alcohol appear to put a person at risk of:

Being hurt or injured and needing medical attention.
Driving while intoxicated or riding in a car with an intoxicated driver.
Being taken advantage of sexually or taking advantage of someone else sexually.

Consumers do not realize the risks involved. The effects of the stimulants cause a person to feel more alert. They drink more and for longer periods of time and do not realize the level of their impairment.

The combination of stimulant effects of the energy drinks and the sedative affects of the alcohol send mixed signals to the central nervous system. This has earned these drinks the nickname “Speedball in a Can.”

Because of the stimulant affects and the potential to abuse these drinks, people recovering from substance abuse problems should refrain from using.


Hallucinogens

What are hallucinogens?

Hallucinogens alter mood, thought, perception and brain function. This group of drugs includes such substances as LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), ololiuqui (morning glory), psilocybin, mescaline and PCP (phencyclidine).

Use of hallucinogens produces changes in time and space perception, delusions (false beliefs) and hallucinations (experiencing unreal or distorted sensations) and the effect may be mild or overwhelming. Effects vary from person to person and use to use.

Many natural and synthetic hallucinogens exist. LSD, a synthetic, is the most potent and best studied. Mescaline (from the peyote cactus), psilocybin (from a mushroom found in Mexico), morning glory seeds, DMT, SOM (STP), PMA, MDA, and others have similar effects. Phencyclidine (PCP) is sometimes considered an hallucinogen, although it does not fit easily into any one category.

What does it look like?
TYPE WHAT IS IT CALLED? TYPE
Phencyclidine PCP, hog, angel dust, love boat, lovely, killer weed Liquid, white crystalline powder, pills, capsule
Lysergic acid diethylamide Acid, microdot, white lightning, blue heaven, sugar cubes Colored tablets, blotter paper, clear liquid, thin squares of gelatin
Mescale and Peyote Mesc, buttons, cactus Hard brown discs, tablets, capsules
Psilocybin Magic mushrooms, ‘shrooms Fresh or dried mushrooms
LSD (Lysergic acid diethylamide)

LSD was first formulated (from a fungus called “ergot”) in 1938. LSD’s psychoactive properties were discovered in 1943.

What are the effects of LSD?
Effects vary widely according to dosage, personality of the user and conditions under which it is taken. Basically, LSD causes altered sensations. Vision alterations include changes in depth perception and in the meaning of a perceived object. Hallucinations are common. Sense of time and self are altered. Sensations may “cross over” (for example, music may be seen or color heard). Physical reactions range from such minor changes as dilated pupils, a rise in temperature and heartbeat or slight increase in blood pressure, to violent tremors. A user’s emotional response to LSD can vary widely. High does can significantly alter the state of consciousness.

What is a flashback?
A flashback is a recurrence of some feature of a drug experience that occurs days, months or even years after the most recent dose. The flashback may occur spontaneously, or may be triggered by physical or psychological stress, by medications such as antihistamines or by use of such other drugs as marijuana. A flashback that occurs without apparent reason can cause great anxiety. Heavy use is more likely to produce flashback; infrequent users rarely report them.

Do hallucinogens improve creativity and self-knowledge?
Though some people who have taken these drugs say that they feel more creative, research has failed to show significant changes. New perceptions of the body and self have been reported, but these can be frightening as well as gratifying.

What is the source of illicit LSD?
Nearly all LSD comes from illegal laboratories, both domestic and abroad. The quality of the drug varies. Some LSD is fairly pure, but most street samples contain impurities and adulterants. The user generally has no way of knowing the quality of LSD or any other street drug.

What are the dangers of hallucinogens?
Under the influence of LSD, a person loses some control over normal thought processes. Although some perceptions are pleasant, others may cause panic or may make the user believe that he or she cannot be harmed. Either reaction may bring about behavior that can be harmful to the user. Longer-term harmful reactions include anxiety, depression or “breaks with reality” which may last from a few days to months. The exact cause-and-effect relationship between hallucinogens and emotional disruption is not known. When a person has experienced emotional disturbance before using, the drug may simply act to trigger the breakdown.

Is there evidence that heavy LSD use affects brain function?
Research has shown changes in the mental functions of some heavy users of hallucinogens. Heavy users sometimes develop signs of organic brain damage, such as impaired memory and attention span, mental confusion and difficulty with abstract thinking. These signs may be strong or subtle. We do not yet know if such mental changes are permanent or if they disappear gradually after use is stopped.

Are hallucinogens addictive?
Tolerance is known to develop rapidly to both psychological and physiological effects of many hallucinogens. Cross-tolerance occurs between LSD and other members of the hallucinogenic group such as psilocybin, mescaline and STP.

Increased tolerance and dependence, along with the reinforcements of the euphoric feelings these drugs produce, put hallucinogens in a classification of high abuse potential.

Can LSD damage chromosomes?
While pure LSD does not appear to damage chromosomes, LSD is not normally pure. Street LSD is often mixed with other substances so that its genetic effects are uncertain.

What about other hallucinogens?
Other hallucinogens such as mescaline and peyote have effects similar to LSD. Although they are generally not as strong, their effects on a user can be just as great, because the effect varies from person to person. In addition, street doses of these other drugs may actually be LSD itself, or may be contaminated with other drugs or adulterants.

It is common in many areas for the highly unpredictable drug phencyclidine (PCP) to be sold as “THC,” the psychoactive chemical in marijuana.

Why do people try hallucinogenic drugs?
Many reasons are given for trying hallucinogens, ranging from curiosity to a desire to know oneself. Most people take the drug for the high or to feel better, because they are unable to deal with life’s frustrations or perhaps because they feel left out.

Hallucinogens are extremely powerful drugs and taking them is a very risky proposition. There is no way to know the quality or potency of these drugs. The user never knows for certain what he or she is taking into the body.


Heroin

Not only is heroin an illegal, highly addictive drug, it is also one of the most dangerous drugs for users to take. Heroin’s high overdose rate and the risk of acquiring HIV/AIDS as well as other diseases through needle sharing are ending lives. There is nothing recreational about this poison.

Addicts physically dependent on heroin develop tolerance to the drug’s affects and need higher doses to achieve the desired sense of euphoria. Eventually, they no longer feel the drug’s effects, and take it simply to avoid withdrawal symptoms.

The dangers of addiction to this drug are very serious, please, don’t hesitate to seek heroin rehab in Ohio, and get clean today.

Heroin is typically injected intravenously, but a growing number of users are choosing to snort or smoke the drug. This method doesn’t lessen the dangers of addiction or overdose.

Contact Glenbeigh to learn more about heroin use or about our heroin rehab in Ohio.

Side Effects

While heroin users may feel an initial rush and feelings of euphoria upon use of the drug, these “positive” feeling are accompanied by many side effects.

Short-term side effects include:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • severe itching
  • pupils constriction (“pinpoint” pupils)
  • drowsiness for several hours
  • mental functioning is clouded by heroin’s effect on the central nervous system
  • slowing of heart and breathing functions; sometimes to the point of death!

If you or someone you know is suffering from heroin addiction, contact Glenbeigh’s heroin rehab in Ohio, and take the first step toward your new life in recovery.

Long-term side effects include:

  • Severe constipation
  • Impaired vision
  • Reduced sex drive and diminished fertility
  • Menstrual irregularity
  • Higher risk of heart problems
  • Nightmares and hallucinations
  • Mood swings and mental instability
  • Infections are the most common complication of heroin use, ranging from skin infections to infections of the heart and lungs
  • High risk of HIV/AIDS, tetanus, viral hepatitis, abscesses and collapsed veins
  • Serious illnesses due to heroin blocking pain messages.
Withdrawal

Symptoms of heroin withdrawal are comparable to those associated with a severe case of the flu. The process generally begins at about the time the body expects the next dose of the drug and can last up to 10 days.

Initial Withdrawal symptoms Include:

  • muscle cramps and spasms
  • chills
  • fever and sweating
  • nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
  • watery eyes and runny nose
  • persistent yawning
  • a period of deep sleep.

Withdrawal can be trying, tiring process, but it is well worth it. When you contact Glenbeigh’s heroin rehab in Ohio, you are taking an important next step in discovering your life in recovery. You can take that next step. Glenbeigh believes in you and encourages you to learn more about our heroin rehab in Ohio.

Glenbeigh provides high quality heroin rehab in Ohio, always keeping in mind that every person and every illness is different. We believe that successful heroin rehab in Ohio and elsewhere requires an abstinence-based, 12-step model of recovery, utilizing a holistic approach. In short, our heroin rehab in Ohio treats not only the disease, but the whole person –body, mind and spirit.

Because withdrawal symptoms are very uncomfortable, most people who go through them unaided by a treatment specialist will usually take the drug again within hours of beginning withdrawal. Don’t chance a relapse; contact Glenbeigh for more information about heroin rehab in Ohio, today.

Glenbeigh’s Heroin Rehab in Ohio
P.O.Box 298
Rock Creek, Ohio 44084
1 (800) 234-1001
www.glenbeigh.com


Inhalants

What are inhalants?

Inhalants are a group of chemicals including solvents, aerosols, adhesives, gases, cleaning agents, food products, anesthetics and volatile nitrites. These legal substances, most of which are found in everyday household products, are not normally thought of as drugs, but have drug-like effects on the user.

You’re probably familiar with the more common substances, such as paint and glue. But you may not know that there are nearly 600 common household, workshop and office products that are dangerous when inhaled. Those products include keyboard aerosol cleaners, felt-tip markers, spray paint and aerosol cooking sprays.

TYPE WHAT IS IT CALLED? TYPE
Nitrous Oxide Laughing gas, whippets Small 8-gram metal cylinder sold with a balloon or pipe propellant for whipped cream in aerosol spray can
Amyl Nitrite Poppers, snappers Clear yellowish liquid in ampules (small vials)
Butyl Nitrite Rush, bolt, bullet, locker room and climax Liquid in small bottles
Chlorohydrocarbons Aerosol sprays or cleaning fluids Aerosol cans
Hydrocarbons Solvents Cans of aerosol propellants, gasoline, glue, paint thinner
Who abuses inhalants?

Inhalants are most often (though not exclusively) abused by young people, especially between the ages of 7 and 17. That is because inhalants are found in common household products that are inexpensive and easy to hide. Sometimes children unintentionally misuse these products. Parents need to be extra alert and see that these substances, like medicines, are kept away from children.

Inhalants are legally available for legitimate purposes, so regulating them to prevent misuse is difficult.

Which inhalants are commonly misused?

Anything in an aerosol-propellant spray container can be abused. Other misused products are gasoline, transmission fluid, model airplane and other glue, fingernail polish and remover, paint thinner, butane, disinfectant, furniture polish and was, lighter fluid, oven cleaner, insecticide, hair spray, aerosol deodorant, turpentine and rust remover.

Substances abused by inhaling also include nitrous oxide (laughing gas) and dry cleaning fluid. Some organic nitrites marketed as “room odorizers” appear to be packaged and distributed specifically for their abuse potential. Any nitrite, an inhalant with a legitimate medical use in treatment heart patients, also is often abused.

What are the effects of sniffing?

During and shortly after inhalant use, the sniffer usually experiences dizziness, loss of muscle coordination, inability to think and behave normally, and, sometimes, abusive or violent behavior. Solvents and aerosol sprays also decrease the heart and respiratory rates and impair judgment. Amyl and butyl nitrite cause rapid pulse, headaches and involuntary passing of urine and feces. Long-term use may result in hepatitis or brain damage. Deeply inhaling the vapors or using large amounts over a short time may result in disorientation, violent behavior, unconsciousness or death.

What risks are involved in sniffing inhalants?

Immediate death can result from a single inhalant use when the substance interferes with breathing or produces irregular heartbeat. It can cause heart failure. Some inhalant deaths are caused by suffocation when a bag is used to concentrate the fumes.

Chronic users of inhalants can suffer severe and permanent brain damage. Other risks from inhalants are bone marrow damage, vision impairment, loss of consciousness and irreversible damage to the lever and kidneys.

What are the signs of inhalant abuse?

There are many physical and emotional symptoms of inhalant abuse. One of the most evident symptoms is difficulty and problem behavior in school: failing grades, increased absences and general apathy.

Other signs of inhalant use include:

  • Hand tremors
  • Drunk, dazed or dizzy appearance
  • Red or running eyes or nose
  • Unusual breath odor
  • Excessive sweating
  • Spots or sores around the mouth
  • Paint or stains on the hands or clothing
  • Chronic headaches
  • Anxiety, excitability, irritability
  • Nausea and loss of appetite

K-2 (Spice)

K-2 is a synthetic chemical that was researched as an alternative to medical marijuana. The chemical itself has hundreds or thousands of variations. The chemical is usually sprayed onto herbal mixtures or tobacco to be smoked. K-2 is sold on the internet, at gas stations, convenient stores and in head shops. In stores it is marketed as incense and “not for human consumption”. K-2 is also manufactured on the street by armature chemists.


Other names: Spice, JWH (which is followed by three numbers that identify the variant), Smoke, Happy Shaman Herb, Skunk

Common Ingredients: K-2 sprayed onto tobacco or some other herbal mixture.

Effects:

In lower doses:

  • Euphoria
  • Mild sedation

In higher Doses:

  • Agitation
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Racing heart
  • Psychosis

What to Look for:

  • Any obvious signs of intoxication
  • Packaged herbal mixtures labeled as incense
  • Herbal tobacco blends
  • Rolling papers

Marijuana

What is marijuana?

Marijuana’s botanical name is Cannabis sativa. It is called by many slang names among users. The chief psychoactive (mind-altering) ingredient in marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. The plant also contains more than 400 other chemicals. A marijuana cigarette is made from dried leaves of the plant.

Does marijuana vary in strength?

Plant strain, climate, soil conditions, time of harvesting and other factors determine the potency of marijuana. In recent years the strength of street samples of marijuana has markedly increased. In 1975, samples exceeding 1% THC content were rare; in 1990, samples with 4% THC and more were common — that’s an increase of 400% potency. The more potent marijuana increases the physical and mental effects and possibility of health problems for the user.

What are some of the immediate effects of smoking marijuana?

Most users who smoke marijuana experience an increase in heart rate, reddening of the eyes and dryness in the mouth and throat. Studies of marijuana’s mental effects reveal that it temporarily impairs short-term memory, alters the user’s sense of time and reduces the ability to perform tasks requiring concentration, quick reaction time and coordination. Many believe that hearing, vision and skin sensitivity are enhanced by the drug, although this is not confirmed by objective research. Feelings of euphoria, relaxation, altered sense of body image and bouts of exaggerated laughter are also commonly reported.

Do people ever react badly to the drug?

Some users may experience anxiety and/or paranoia. The symptoms often disappear in a few hours when the acute drug effects have worn off. Other physical and mental effects are described within.

Can marijuana cause dependence?

While marijuana’s addictiveness is still in question, those who discontinue frequent, high-dose use of marijuana do exhibit symptoms of withdrawal such as irritability, sleep disturbances, loss of appetite and weight, sweating and stomach upset. Tolerance to marijuana (the need to take more and more of the drug over time to get the original effect) has been proven in animals and humans. Whether dependence develops or not, heavy use and daily use can pose serious problems.

How can marijuana affect young people?

In addition to its adverse effect on health, a very real danger in marijuana use is its interference with a young person’s growing up process. Research shows that marijuana use impairs thinking, reading, verbal and math skills. Clinicians also believe that the drug may interfere with the development of social skills and may encourage psychological escapism. Young people need to learn how to make decisions, handle success and failure and form their own beliefs and values. By providing an escape from growing pains, drugs can prevent young people from learning to become mature, independent and responsible.

How does marijuana affect men’s reproductive systems?

Studies of adult males have found that chronic marijuana users had lower levels of the male sex hormone, testosterone, than non-users and that the sperm count in young adult males diminishes temporarily during periods of use.

Can marijuana cause brain damage?

To date, no definitive neurological study of humans has shown evidence of permanent marijuana-related brain damage. However, one animal study showed persistent changes in the structure of the brain cells after regular marijuana use. The possibility of subtle and lasting changes in brain function from heavy and continuous marijuana use cannot be ruled out.

What is marijuana burnout?

People who smoke marijuana heavily over long periods of time can become dull, slow-moving and inattentive or burned out. Scientists believe that burnout may be a sign of drug-related mental impairment that may not be completely reversible, or that is reversible only after months of abstinence.

How does marijuana affect the lungs?

Users typically inhale the unfiltered marijuana smoke deeply and hold it in their lungs as long as possible, keeping the smoke in contact with lung tissues a prolonged time. Inhalation of smoke (whether marijuana or tobacco) inflames the lungs and affects their function.

Can marijuana cause cancer?

Examination of human lung tissue chronically exposed to marijuana smoke in a laboratory showed pre-cancerous cellular changes. In laboratory tests, tars from marijuana smoke have produced tumors when applied to animal skin. Heavy marijuana smokers report increased symptoms of respiratory illness (coughing, wheezing, bronchitis)—just as do tobacco smokers.

How long does marijuana stay in the body after it is smoked?

THC is absorbed by many tissues and organs in the body, which rids itself of the THC by transforming it into metabolites up to a week after marijuana is smoked. Tests involving radioactively labeled THC have traced metabolites in animals for up to a month.

How does marijuana affect driving?

Even low doses of marijuana impair driving ability. The drug significantly affects judgment and concentration. It also affects perception, causing tunnel vision and slower eye adjustment to change in light. Marijuana also impairs motor skills. A study of drivers responsible for fatal accidents showed that 39% were impaired with alcohol and 16% with marijuana at the time of the crash. Marijuana presents a definite danger on the road.

Do marijuana users go on to use other drugs?

Surveys show that regular marijuana users are more likely than non-users to experiment with other drugs.


Methamphetamine

Who is at risk for abuse?

Methamphetamine, known on the street simply as “meth,” “crystal” or “ice” is a powerfully addictive stimulant that has become increasingly abused in America. It is currently the fastest growing drug threat and the most prevalent synthetic drug manufactured in the United States. The drug is the white, crystalline residue created from a chemical process, which is why it’s often referred to on the street as “crystal,” “chalk” or “ice.” In its powder form, the drug is eaten or snorted through the nose. A liquid form of the drug can be injected, and a gummy form can be smoked.

Though teenagers increasingly started to use the drug after the popularity of all-night dance parties, it isn’t just used as a party drug. Some people use it to cope with the stress of work, school or issues with family and friends. Because of the drug’s ability to curb hunger and fight fatigue, many females are attracted to it as a dietary aid, and students may turn to it to help them stay awake while studying. Unfortunately, everyone from stay-at-home moms to business professionals have become addicted to this illicit and dangerous substance.

Because meth is highly addictive, people who are dependent on the drug are unable to control their use of it. They feel sick or irritable without the drug and need greater doses of it to reach the effect they desire. When they try to stop using meth, they experience symptoms of withdrawal, including sleeplessness, fatigue, mood swings and depression.

Effects of Methamphetamine Use

Methamphetamine’s effects depend on the drug’s purity, how much of the drug is taken, the mood of the user, whether other drugs are being used and the context in which the drug is taken. The drug remains in the body from four to six hours after use. It can be detected in the urine from 1 to 48 hours after use.

Methamphetamine Affects Your Brain

In the short term, meth causes mind and mood changes such as anxiety, euphoria and depression. Long-term effects can include chronic fatigue, paranoid or delusional thinking and permanent psychological damage. People under the influence of methamphetamine should be considered very dangerous. Because of the extreme levels of paranoia associated with methamphetamine use, addicts often think that they’re being watched or followed or that others are conspiring against them.

Methamphetamine Affects Your Body

Overdosing on any type of stimulant is risky. Creating a false sense of energy, these drugs push the body faster and further than it’s meant to go. It increases the heart rate, blood pressure and risk of stroke.

Methamphetamine Destroys Your Teeth

A hallmark of chronic Methamphetamine abuse is dental problems. Because meth is manufactured with corrosive substances like acids and lithium, chronic meth smokers have teeth rotted to the gum line. The drug users’ teeth literally corrode away.

Methamphetamine Affects Your Self-Control

Meth is a powerfully addictive drug that can cause aggression and violent or psychotic behavior.

Methamphetamine Can Kill You

An overdose of meth can result in heart failure. Long-term physical effects such as liver, kidney and lung damage may also kill you.

Other effects of use include: increased wakefulness and insomnia, decreased appetite, respiratory problems, high fever, convulsions and enlarged pupils.

Visible Signs of Methamphetamine Use

If Snorted: Methamphetamine use may cause irritation and nose bleeds. Residue may be seen inside the nose or dripping from it.

If Injected: If a person injects methamphetamine, puncture wounds will be visible over blood vessels. Although one can’t tell from an injection site what kind of drug has been used, methamphetamine often causes a great deal of trauma and damage to skin tissue.

If Smoked: If a person smokes “ice,” it’s not unusual to see burn marks on the lips, face and hands. This is caused by the hot pipe or the flame used to heat the pipe.

When to Get Help for Your Methamphetamine Use
  • Do you use the drug regularly?
  • Do you think about how and when you’re going to use the drug again?
  • Do you use drugs in addition to methamphetamine?
  • Is your work or school performance affected by your drug use?
  • Are you having problems with family and friends?

If you answered “yes” to any of these questions, it’s time to get help. Prolonged use of methamphetamine can lead to a mental state similar to schizophrenia, and the damage it does to the brain can be irreversible.


OxyContin

 

About OxyContin

OxyContin tablets are a controlled-release oral formulation of oxycodone hydrochloride, intended to manage moderate to severe pain when a continuous, around-the-clock analgesic is needed for an extended period of time. Taking broken, chewed, or crushed pills leads to rapid release and absorption of a potentially fatal dose. Abuse of the crushed tablet poses a hazard of overdose and death. Risk is increased with abuse of alcohol and other substances.

Abusing OxyContin can cause many mild to lethal side effects. Please contact Glenbeigh’s OxyContin rehab in Ohio to seek help.

Side Effects

  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Severe itching
  • Weakness

Serious side effects include:

  • Respiratory depression
  • Apnea
  • Respiratory arrest
  • Circulatory depression
  • Hypotension
  • Shock
  • Sedation
  • Death

Most OxyContin related deaths are attributed to ingesting substantial quantities of OxyContin or ingesting it along with another depressant of the central nervous system such as alcohol. Tolerance and physical dependence occurs after several months of use, with larger doses required to achieve the same effect.

OxyContin-seeking tactics include:
  • Emergency calls or visits near the end of office hours
  • Refusal to undergo appropriate exams, testing or referral
  • Repeated loss of prescriptions
  • Tampering with prescriptions and reluctance to provide prior medical records or contact info for other treating physicians
  • “Doctor shopping” to obtain additional prescriptions

OxyContin has an effect similar to morphine and heroin and appeals to the same abuse community. In some areas, particularly the eastern U.S., it has been the drug of greatest concern to enforcement authorities.

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